Do you know that the word ‘United Nations’ came from the former President of the United States of America Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) to describe the ‘allied nations’ during the second world war. During a meeting with 26 representatives of Allied Nations in Washington D.C. in 1942, the word was later used in the ‘Declaration by United Nations’ where the representatives of first-four nations made up of the United States of America, the United Kingdom, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics now Russia and China signed the joint document on cooperation for victory against the Axis Powers, and 22 other countries signed the next day.

Following the 26 original signatory countries, 21 nations agreed to comply with the declaration.  No African country was part of this decision.

Seeing that the League of Nations failed to suppress WW II, representatives of the first-four nations stated the importance of a new world organization to preserve world peace. During April-June 1945, the representatives from 50 allied countries held the San Francisco Conference to continue ways to establish a new world organization to promote peace and prevent any future wars.

The conference produced ‘The Charter of the United Nations’ as a solid structure for the world to build a better place, and was signed by 50 present nations, including Poland who was not present in the conference. The term “United Nations” was picked to honor Franklin D. Roosevelt who passed away in April 1945 just before the San Francisco Conference.

The United Nations did not come into force after the charter signing due to the obligation of many countries that the charter had to be approved by their respective parliaments. The US, UK, the USSR, China, and the majority of the nations had ratified the charter and the United Nations was finally born as an international organization on 24 October 1945.

Since 1972, the 24th of October is also the United Nation’s World Information Day which is a perfect opportunity to reaffirm the commitment of the UN to sustainability and also ensuring that people every where have access to the basic needs of life.

 

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