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<h1 class=”h2″>Envy as the Foundation of Capitalism Business Articles | April 4, 2011</h1>
In the 18th century, the political philosopher and novelist Jean-Jacques Rousseau made a distinction between amour de soi and amour propre. The former involved striking a balance between regard …
In the 18th century, the political philosopher and novelist Jean-Jacques Rousseau made a distinction between amour de soi and amour propre. The former involved striking a balance between regard for one?s own welfare and well-being and the empathy that one owed and felt towards others. It was another phrase for self-love, self-regard, and self-awareness. The latter ? amour proper – was all about grandiose and malignant narcissism Bernie Kosar Jersey , an unseemly conflation of self-gratification and conceited haughtiness, and the insatiable need to be reflected in the gaze of others as the only path to self-knowledge. Amour de soi was transformed into amour propre by the acquisition of property and the greed and envy that it, inevitably, provoked.
Conservative sociologists self-servingly marvel at the peaceful proximity of abject poverty and ostentatious affluence in American – or, for that matter, Western – cities. Devastating riots do erupt Austin Seibert Jersey , but these are reactions either to perceived social injustice (Los Angeles 1965) or to political oppression (Paris 1968). The French Revolution may have been the last time the urban sans-culotte raised a fuss against the economically enfranchised.
This pacific co-existence conceals a maelstrom of envy. Behold the rampant Schadenfreude which accompanied the antitrust case against the predatory but loaded Microsoft. Observe the glee which engulfed many destitute countries in the wake of the September 11 atrocities against America, the epitome of triumphant prosperity. Witness the post-World orgiastic castigation of avaricious CEO’s.
Envy – a pathological manifestation of destructive aggressiveness – is distinct from jealousy.
The New Oxford Dictionary of English defines envy as:
<i>”A feeling of discontented or resentful longing aroused by someone else’s possessions, qualities, or luck … Mortification and ill-will occasioned by the contemplation of another’s superior advantages.”<i> </i></i>
<i><i>Pathological envy – the fourth deadly sin – is engendered by the realization of some lack, deficiency, or inadequacy in oneself. The envious begrudge others their success Sheldrick Redwine Jersey , brilliance, happiness, beauty, good fortune, or wealth. Envy provokes misery, humiliation Sione Takitaki Jersey , and impotent rage. </i></i>
<i><i>The envious copes with his pernicious emotions in five ways: </i></i>
<i><i>1.???? They attack the perceived source of frustration in an attempt to destroy it, or “reduce it” to their “size”. Such destructive impulses often assume the disguise of championing social causes, fighting injustice, touting reform, or promoting an ideology. </i></i>
<i><i>2.???? They seek to subsume the object of envy by imitating it. In extreme cases, they strive to get rich quick through criminal scams Greedy Williams Jersey , or corruption. They endeavor to out-smart the system and shortcut their way to fortune and celebrity. </i></i>
<i><i>3.???? They resort to self-deprecation. They idealize the successful, the rich, the mighty, and the lucky and attribute to them super-human, almost divine, qualities. At the same time Wholesale Browns Hats , they humble themselves. Indeed, most of this strain of the envious end up disenchanted and bitter, driving the objects of their own erstwhile devotion and adulation to destruction and decrepitude. </i></i>
<i><i>4.???? They experience cognitive dissonance. These people devalue the source of their frustration and envy by finding faults in everything they most desire and in everyone they envy. </i></i>
<i><i>5.???? They avoid the envied person and thus the agonizing pangs of envy. </i></i>
<i><i>Envy is not a new phenomenon. Belisarius, the general who conquered the world for Emperor Justinian, was blinded and stripped of his assets by his envious peers. I – and many others – have written extensively about envy in command economies. Nor is envy likely to diminish. </i></i>
<i><i>In his book, “Facial Justice” Wholesale Browns Hoodies , Hartley describes a post-apocalyptic dystopia, New State, in which envy is forbidden and equality extolled and everything enviable is obliterated. Women are modified to look like . Wholesale Nike Shoes Online Wholesale Air Jordan Cheap Cheap Mens Nike Shoes Cheap Air Jordan Shoes Cheap Nike Shoes China Cheap Nike Shoes Online Cheap Air Max 270 Flyknit Cheap Air Max 97 Online Cheap Nike Air Max 90 Infrared Wholesale Air Max Free Shipping </i></i>
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